ĀNĀPĀNASATI

JHĀNA

cheatsheet

Note: texts in blue are notes. 

 

Note: a grey background is the intermediary step between Jhānas

To arrive to the stage where one meditates on the body, implies that one has the will to be secluded from sensual pleasures (vivicceva kāmehi), and secluded from unproper states (vivicca akusalehi dhammehi).

 

Secluded from sensual pleasures (vivicceva kāmehi) and secluded from unproper states (vivicca akusalehi dhammehi).

 

 

Enter 1stJHĀNA

BODY

 

 

- Discerning breathing (I/O) long or short.

 

Vitakka - (thoughts - abstract ideas). 

Thinking only about the breath. 

- Training breathing (I/O), with the desire to be able to know the particulars of, (an accurate knowledge of - the feel of) the entire body (breath & body)
[up to here, there is no "feeling" of delight - just the thorough knowledge of the breath & the body].

 

Vicara - (abstract ideas put in mental concrete terms).

Not just thinking ("focusing"); but reflecting deeply and concretely about both breathes & the all body. So one can put a real meaning on the word/vaca "breath". [vaci-saṅkhāra]. 

Vitakka-Vicāra

- Training breathing (I/O), calming bodily synergies (kāya-saṅkhāra).

That is to say, feel how hectic & agitated is your body, and calm it through the concentrated breath. Calm the breath, and calm the body. 

Breath is purely internal. You are secluding yourself in yourself. You are slowly obliterating the external influences. 

 

 

 

 

FEELING

 

 

- Training breathing (I/O), with the desire to be able to feel delight (pīti).

 

Pīti - (delightful bodily suffusive contentment) – Born of seclusion.

- Training breathing (I/O), with the desire to be able to feel bliss (sukha).
[sukha is the sensation of the citta+mano - pīti is the sensation of the mano only].

 

Sukkha - (bliss) – Born of seclusion.

- Training breathing (I/O), with the desire to be able to know the particulars of the mental synergy.

The mental synergies are the coactions (saṃ-kṝ) between mano & citta. Particularly the effect of mano on citta.

For one with a contented mano (pītimanassa,) the body becomes tranquil (kāyo passambhati). 
One tranquil in body feels pleasure (sukhaṃ vediyati). For one feeling
pleasure, the Citta establishes (samādhiyati) [substantiates, confirms] itself.

 

- Training breathing (I/O), calming mental synergies (coactions) (citta-saṅkhāra).

[Calming the effect of mano, (the great kapellmeister of the senses (MN 43)), upon citta - And citta upon mano]. 

 

Near total cessation of vitakka & vicāra.

 

 

Does not follow the delight & pleasantness born of seclusion.

 

 

[With that he abandons lust, and the underlying tendency (anusaya) to lust does not underlie that. [MN 44 (MA 210)].

 

 

Enter 2ndJHĀNA

 

 

Inner (clear) tranquillity [lit. coming to rest] - (ajjhatta sampasādana)

[Here, we enter the domain of the Citta that has been calmed (through passambhanā). Citta is not really related to the world of forms - if only, when it is bound with mano (viz., when citta is not yet liberated)

We are here, entering the process of liberation of citta (cetovimutti); (liberation from sensual pleasure - liberation from forms & dhammas (operating on the external āyatanani) >> liberation from the "mine"].

 

 

MIND (CITTA)

 

 

- Training breathing (I/O), with the desire to be able to know the particulars of the Citta.

 

 

- Training breathing (I/O), with the desire to be able to gladden (abhippamodaya) that Citta.

 

Pīti - (delightful suffusive contentment) – Born of Samādhi.

Sukkha - (agreeable pleasure – pleasantness) Born of Samādhi.

- Training breathing (I/O), with the desire to be able to establish oneself in citta (Samāda).

Samādhi

[Here, we are starting the process of aiming towards the total liberation of citta  that occurs in the 5th Jhana >> nānattasaññānaṃ amanasikārā (not striving with the mind (mano) to perceptions of manifoldness (lit. (what is) differently than one) - Just one calm glad feeling and perception].

 

- Training breathing (I/O), with the desire to be able to release the Citta.

[vi+muñcati: release (apart-vi) - the end of the "Mine" - release from the external].

 

Transcendence of citta - (cetaso ekodibhāva)

 

 

Does not follow the delight & pleasantness born of concentration.

 

 

[This is called noble silence (quietness) ... Have your citta to stand in noble silence (ariya tuṇhībhāva). Transcend your citta in noble silence. Establish your citta in noble silence. [SN 21.1 - (SA 501)].

Noble silence.

 

 

 

 

PHENOMENA (DHAMMA)

 

 

Note: Here, to have a measureless Citta, one must get also rid of the "I". For one is bounded by the "I" - confined in the limit of his ego - in the limit of his internal khandhas. 

Here, we enter the domain of vipassanā - the abandonment of the "I", (of the "scent" (SN 22.89))

 

 

- Training breathing (I/O), with the desire to be able to contemplate the "not-one's ownness" (the foreign nature) of the phenomena.

[Here anicca has the original meaning of "not-inwardly" (outwardly-foreign). By extention, the meaning of "a-nicca" has become "impermanent" - and the foreign nature of the phenomena, (the combinations from form, feeling, perception, synergy and consciousness,) is directly related to the externality of the phenomena].

 

 

- Training breathing (I/O), with the desire to be able to contemplate dispassion (virāga).

 

 

- Training breathing (I/O), with the desire to be able to contemplate cessation (nirodha).

 

Indifference (abscence of raga) towards delight (pīti).

- Training breathing (I/O), with the desire to be able to contemplate relinquishment (Paṭinissagga).

 

Enter 3rdJHĀNA

 

 

Here, what is "felt" is the sukha of citta pervading the body (sukhañca kayena). 

Sukha and dukkha are not yet given up, as in the fourth jhana. 

At that point, things diverge.

- There is sampajāno (clearly discerning) in the third Jhāna, that might correspond to some of the vipassanā above - and to the second Enlightenment factor of Investigation of Phenomena (Dhammavicaya sambojjhaṅgo) in ānāpānasati.

- We also find equanimity (upekkha) in the third jhāna; that we find also in the seventh enlightenment factor (Upekhā sambojjhaṅga) in ānāpānasati.

- We find mindfulness (sati) in the third jhāna; that we find also in the first Enlightenment factor of Mindfulness (Sati sambojjhaṅga).

- We also find pleasure with the body (sukhañca kāyena) in the third jhāna, that we find also in the fourth Enlightenment factor of Rapture (Pīti sambojjhaṅga) – Although this is sukha, rather than pīti.

Nothing from the 4th Jhāna appears in Ānāpānasati.

We directly jump to the intermediary step to the 5th higher jhāna:

- Rūpasaññānaṃ samatikkamā (complete transcending of perceptions of Form (matter).
- Paṭighasaññānaṃ atthaṅgamā (vanishing of perceptions (based) upon the organs of senses – āyatanāni).
- Nānattasaññānaṃ amanasikārā (not striving with the mind (manasa/mano) to perceptions of manifoldness (lit. (what is) differently than one).

Something that has already been worked on earlier.

Then one can enter the higher jhānas.

_________

*



Created: 29/08/2018
Visits: 246
Online: 0