Cellular IoT is a way of connecting physical devices (e.g. sensors) to the Internet by connecting them to the same mobile network as a smartphone. Its simple infrastructure, coupled with the advent of 5G, makes cellular IoT a powerful player in the connectivity space.
Cellular networks connect your phone to apps; the days when we only wanted to be connected to our friends and family are over. Now we also see the value in connecting to the physical objects that surround us:cellular module the streetlights, parking meters and hospitals that dominate our daily city life, or the myriad of industrial applications (e.g., manufacturing and agriculture) that can be augmented with connectivity.
What is the "cellular Internet of Things"?
It's as a way to connect physically researched things (such as sensors) to the Internet using artificial intelligence to develop the same basic things behind cell phones.lte module Without having to create new dedicated computer networks to accommodate IoT devices, they can be piggybacked on the same mobile communications network as smart for cell phones. Cellular IoT businesses offer alternative treatments to low-power, wide-area networks (abbreviated " LPWAN "), such as non-cellular " LoRaWAN " and " Sigfox " technologies, which operate in unlicensed frequency bands.
Why are cellular networks for IoT growing so fast?
Cellular networks capable of facilitating the flow of massive amounts of data are already all over the world, so we don't need to build any new physical infrastructure to support cellular IoT. However, cellular-enabled IoT devices have long consumed large amounts of power, which has limited their utility in applications. Now, however, new cellular sensors can transmit reasonable amounts of data over long distances without consuming batteries. With the arrival of 5G, the future of cellular IoT is looking bright.
The two main manifestations of the cellular IoT approach: LTE-M and NB-IOT
Virtually all cellular IoT applications today use one of two technologies:LTE-M or NB-IoT.While there are important application-specific differences between the two types of cellular IoT, you'll typically choose one based on whether LTE or GSM cellular infrastructure is the standard in your region. Only the U.S., the Netherlands, Ireland, and Australia have national LTE coverage, while GSM is standard in many non-Western regions such as Eastern Europe and Africa.
LTE-M:LTE has a national coverage in the United States, Netherlands and Ireland and there are ongoing research deployments and regional trials in most of the countries/regions through which most of our businesses primarily pass. It may overtake GSM in cellular IoT technology applications.LTE-M stands for "Long Term Evolution for Machines" and is a social network security standard that allows IoT devices to piggyback on existing cellular networks. With just an analytical software system update, LTE-M enabled devices we can communicate information with the cloud. In general, LTE-M devices are best suited for "mission-critical" applications, where real-time processing of data plays a very important role in the transmission process, for example, intelligent control of self-driving cars in the city or emergency equipment.
NB-IoT: Stands for "Narrowband Internet of Things" and is suitable for areas without good LTE coverage or when you only need to transmit a small amount of information, e.g. when using soil sensors in smart agriculture or energy consumption monitors in a smart city.Nb-iot takes up a small portion of the total bandwidth of the cell tower. If you are deploying in areas where GSM is the standard cellular technology, especially in developing regions of Europe, Africa and Asia, or, on the other hand, if you want to send a small amount of data over the Internet on a regular basis, nb-iot may be for you.
5G and the future of cellular IoT
For all the hype around 5G, it's essentially the same as all the other " G" (generation) cellular networks; 5G is better, faster, and stronger. 5G is poised to change the face of the IoT, although it may work with LTE and GSM cellular networks in the 2020s.
In the industrial IoT, ultra-secure, dedicated 5G networks will be able to facilitate thousands of devices in manufacturing or logistics environments, operating up to 10 times faster than existing networks.
On the consumer demand side, 5G could make self-driving cars or immersive virtual social reality and AR environmental issues a reality by unlocking the necessary data gates.