While bagpipes might appear to be crudely traditional instruments, there are certainly various kinds of bagpipes--each by using a distinctive character and sound. The seven kinds of bagpipes are: Great Highland bagpipes, Irish Uilleann bagpipes, Northumbrian bagpipes, Scottish smallpipes, Biniou, Center-France bagpipes, and Gaita. Great Highland bagpipes

The Great Highland bagpipe has become the most popular bagpipes type. It came from Ireland and Scotland and it is widely used by soloists and pipe bands in civilian and military performances. It is actually played within the mixolydian scale, through the natural low G key to the true secret of the, made up of two tenor drones and something bass drone.

Irish Uilleann bagpipes The Irish Uillean bagpipe is the most advanced form of bagpipe. It is played from the diatonic scale, inside the key of natural C and the key of major D. It is usually played in staccato--a type of playing that is rapid and short.


Northumbrian smallpipes The Northumbrian smallpipe is a bellows-blown form of bagpipe. It typically consists of four drones that could be tuned to several combinations and pitches. They have chanters with seven 17 keys and possesses some of the unique qualities in the Irish Uilleann bagpipes. It requires very tight fingering to play in staccato, however.

Scottish smallpipes

The Scottish small pipe is popular among highland pipers. It is also a bellow-blown type of bagpipe but offers the same fingering system because the Great Highland bagpipe. It can also be mouth-blown but will not produce the same tone and sound quality because it possesses a delicate reed construction.


Originating from Brittany France, the Binou is designed to be mouth-blown. It is played one note higher than the octave scale along with a flat lead tone below it. It generates a solid that is certainly one octave beyond the excellent Highland bagpipe, generating a extremely high pitched sound. Along with the bombarde, it can be commonly used to accompany folk dancing in Breton.

Center-France bagpipes

Also known as the chevrette, the Cenetr-France bagpipe is constructed of goatskin and is particularly a mouth-blown instrument. It really is widely used from theMorvan and Bourbonnais, and Nivernais areas of France.

Gaita The Gaita is played by pipe bands and folk groups, usually in many regions of Portugal, and particularly in Asturias. It features a conical chanter and might be played in the key of D, C sharp, C, B flat, B, A, and G.

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