Explore the Styles of Bagpipes

While bagpipes seems to be crudely traditional instruments, there are actually several kinds of bagpipes--each which has a distinctive character and sound. The seven varieties of bagpipes are: Great Highland bagpipes, Irish Uilleann bagpipes, Northumbrian bagpipes, Scottish smallpipes, Biniou, Center-France bagpipes, and Gaita. Great Highland bagpipes

The Great Highland bagpipe is probably the most popular bagpipes type. It originated from Scotland and Ireland and is also frequently used by soloists and pipe bands in civilian and military performances. It can be played in the mixolydian scale, in the natural low G answer to the main element of the, comprising two tenor drones and one bass drone.

Irish Uilleann bagpipes The Irish Uillean bagpipe is among the most advanced kind of bagpipe. It can be took part in the diatonic scale, inside the key of natural C and the key of major D. It will always be took part staccato--a kind of playing that is certainly short and rapid.

Northumbrian smallpipes The Northumbrian smallpipe is a bellows-blown kind of bagpipe. It typically contains four drones that can be tuned to several pitches and combinations. It has chanters with seven 17 keys and features a few of the unique qualities of the Irish Uilleann bagpipes. However, it requires very tight fingering to experience in staccato.


Scottish smallpipes. The Scottish small pipe is loved by highland pipers. It is usually a bellow-blown kind of bagpipe but has the same fingering system as the Great Highland bagpipe. It can also be mouth-blown and definitely will not create the same sound and tone quality since it carries a delicate reed construction.

Biniou. Originating from Brittany France, the Binou is designed to be mouth-blown. It's played one note across the octave scale plus a flat lead tone below it. It generates an audio which is one octave greater than the truly amazing Highland bagpipe, creating a quite high pitched sound. With the bombarde, it is frequently used to accompany folk dancing in Breton.

Center-France bagpipes. Also called the chevrette, the Cenetr-France bagpipe consists of goatskin which is a mouth-blown instrument. It can be frequently used within the Bourbonnais, Morvan, and Nivernais regions of France.

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