Pillow Encyclopedia - Interesting facts about pillows

Cushion encyclopedia
Where did the world's largest pillow fight take place? Which pillow filling is more valuable than pure silver? How do you distinguish a goose feather and a duck feather? You can find out all you need to know about the pillow in our pillow lexicon. We also explain technical terms that are often used in connection with pillows.



Because of its special, natural properties, cotton developed into the most widely used and processed textile fiber in the world before it was replaced by the chemically produced polyester fiber in 2003 from this top spot. Cotton is the seed hair of the Gossypium plant. After flowering, the fruit capsule pops up and the white seed hairs gush out. The three largest cotton producers are China, India and the USA. If you have always wondered why some cotton fabrics feel better than another, this is due to the following quality criteria of the cotton yarn in addition to the processing: fiber length (staple), uniformity, purity, strength, fiber fineness, crimp and gloss and the color.

Belly sleeper pillow

Six percent of Germans sleep on their stomach. Belly sleeper pillows have been specially developed for belly sleepers and differ in their characteristic shape from other pillows. In the short term, a stomach sleeper pillow provides more comfort in the prone position. In the long term, however, we recommend that you lie on your side or on your back. This is due to the fact that the head or cervical vertebra is turned in the prone position and the lumbar vertebra is negatively affected. The prone position is a relief position that you get used to because the mattress and slatted frame do not provide the body with the necessary comfort or support. In the long term, however, the prone position should be weaned off with a bed system that enables a comfortable and ergonomic side position.

Bed cleaning

Bed cleaning is the care and maintenance of the value of bedding by machines specially developed for this purpose. A distinction is made between two washing processes: feather washing, as bed cleaning in the narrower sense and complete washing, as bed cleaning in the wider sense. Feather washing describes the more elaborate washing process in which the feathers are specially washed. If there is external contamination, e.g. Welding edges selected. When washing feathers, the feathers or down are blown out of the pillow or duvet cover by machine, washed in several washes and dried. The feathers or down are then sorted in a sorting chamber and broken feather quills and matted down are sorted out. The cleaned and sorted filling material is then blown into a new casing by the machine. A weight loss caused by the sorting is compensated for by the refilling. Our tip: Make sure that your bedding is washed with water. The springs are often only steamed. Our basic recommendation is to have pillows and duvets cleaned every four years.

Bed system

System means a multitude of coordinated and balanced effects - in our case of mattress, slatted frame and pillow. A bed system is therefore the optimal coordination and the perfect interaction between mattress, slatted frame and pillow. sleep dream pillow reviews is the best foundation for a deep, restful sleep. Important knowledge of ergonomics research: A bed system is more than the sum of its parts.


The piping is a textile tape that is sewn into feather pillows for additional sealing of the seam and for visual reasons.


The down is a wonderful natural product that, as a filling in pillows and blankets, cuddles us softly like no other material. The down is won by geese and ducks. Silky-soft hairs grow out of a barely visible core. These down hairs in turn have the finest branches. A characteristic that makes down so special is its filling power: you can compress a large amount of down in your hand. If you then open it again, the down spreads out again tremendously and returns to its original volume.


Spelled, also called Schwabenkorn, is one of the oldest forms of cereals and was cultivated in Egypt and the Near East 5000 years ago. It came about 3000 BC. BC probably in the luggage of the Romans to Europe. The spelled grain is enclosed in a solid shell, the spelled. Today only pure, local spelled fur is used for the spelled fur pillow. The spelled fur adapts to the shape of the head and neck and flexibly follows body movements at night.

The eiderdown is the highest quality filling available for bedding. A gram of eiderdown costs about ten times a gram of silver. This eiderdown is the fine breast fluff that the eider duck fails before laying eggs. The duck collects this down eagerly and uses it to pad out its nest and protect its chicks from icy polar winds. The eider lives mainly on the rocky coast of Iceland. There, farmers have been laboriously collecting the eiderdown from the abandoned nests for generations. Eider down is much lighter and finer than goose down. They seem to be completely weightless: If you stretch out both hands with your eyes closed and you put down eiderdown on one hand, you can only determine which hand the eiderdown lies on by the warming that occurs.


Feathers are formed by the outer skin of the birds and serve to protect them from water and cold as well as camouflage. The feathers of water fowl, i.e. goose and duck, are best suited as pillow and bed feathers. The chicken feather is far less suitable. Feathers generally have a hollow keel, from which twine-thin branches branch off on both sides. Together, these branches form the flag. The side branches show further branches under the microscope; the so-called rays. Check marks and bows are at the end. You can easily distinguish geese and duck feathers by looking at their ends. While the goose feather does not end in a point, the duck feather is pointed.

Filling power
The elasticity or resilience of all the springs in a pillow or bed is called filling power. It is the filling power that brings a pillow or duvet back to its original shape immediately after it has been compressed. A good spring can be pressed a thousand times, then regains its shape and forms new cavities in a bed with other springs to keep warm.

Haipfel means the pillow size 80x100cm in the Swabian region.

The millet is a collective term for a series of grasses that were planted in prehistoric times as a small, round grain-forming type of grain. In rural areas, the heads of newborn children have been placed on millet pillows for centuries. Today, with regard to nature and ecology, people have remembered this gift from nature. In the past, the whole grains were used as a filling, but today the shells are processed, which are elaborately selected.

The croissant or neck pillow is also known as the U-pillow because of its striking shape. When placed around the neck, it supports the head in a pleasant manner and makes it the ideal companion on train, plane and car trips.

Inner harmony
We speak of the so-called inner harmony when the cushion cover and spring are coordinated. Because not every filling fits every case. If the feather is strong, choose a coarse-thread cover and a fine-thread cover for down. If a coarse feather filling were covered with a fine fabric, this harmony would not exist and damage would result in the long term, since the fine yarn could not provide enough resistance for the strong quills.

The ticking describes the fabric cover made of dense cotton fabric, which surrounds the filling of pillows and duvets. The ticking must primarily meet two requirements: spring tightness and air permeability. At first glance, these two properties seem difficult to reconcile, but are necessary to offer maximum sleeping comfort. First, it must be ensured that the springs cannot "work their way out" of the ticking. On the other hand, the cover must be able to "breathe" so that the bed pieces adapt to the nightly movements of people and the springs are ventilated.

Pillow cleaning

For sleeping hygiene and maintaining the value of your pillow, we recommend cleaning it regularly. You can see the washability in a household washing machine on the care label of your pillow, which is always sewn onto the pillow case. The cover of neck support pillows can usually be washed. After about 5 years, you should replace your neck support pillow because the foam material loses its support at the expense of your sleeping comfort. For feather and down pillows, we recommend having professional washing done every two years, as offered by Kissen.de bed cleaning service. In addition to completely washing the pillow, it is possible to have the springs washed separately in a giant special washing machine, which sorts out the broken filling and blows the cleaned filling into a new cover.

Pillow fight
A pillow fight arises when at least two people throw pillows together amicably. The biggest pillow fight took place at the Aragon Ballroom in Chicago on October 27, 2013, according to the Guinness Book of Records. As part of a concert by the Swedish DJ duo Dada Life, 3,813 participants took part in the pillow fight.

Class I

The classification of down and feathers is based on the European DIN standard EN 12934. A total of seven classes have been defined. Only pillow fillings that contain new down and / or feathers (1st criterion) and come from water fowl, i.e. geese and / or ducks (2nd criterion), can be designated as class I.

Lying system

The head of the Ergonomics Institute Munich (EIM) Dr. Florian Heidinger defines the reclining system as a combination of four components that are coordinated to ensure restful and healthy sleep: mattress and spring base for optimal body support and pressure relief, the pillow for head / neck support in the back and side position, and the blanket for an ideal microclimate ensures.

Neck support pillow

In contrast to feather pillows, neck support pillows consist of one or more foam layers and a, usually washable cover. Their head and spine supporting shape is characteristic. Neck support pillows, such as the dormabell Cervical, are available in up to eight different heights and can also be adjusted in height thanks to the internal foam layers so that they can be adjusted to the shoulder width and sleeping position of the individual.

Oeko-Tex Standard 100

The Oeko-Tex Standard 100 is a catalog consisting of criteria, limit values ​​and test methods for the pollutant testing of textiles. It deals exclusively with human ecology, i.e. with the effect of the textile product on people. Certification with the Oeko-Tex Standard 100 label requires that, in addition to all the basic components of a pillow, the so-called non-textile accessories, such as Zippers and buttons meet the required criteria without exception.


In Austria, pillows are usually referred to as upholstery.


Polyester is a chemically produced fiber from the group of polymer condensates. The Textile Labeling Act, written in 1969, describes polyester, which is somewhat more bulky for chemically unfamiliar people than "fiber made of linear macromolecules, the chain of which consists of at least 85 percent by weight of the ester of a diol with terephthalic acid". Today, a wide range of high-tech fibers are based on polyester, which offer precise combinations of softness, weight, elasticity, moisture transport and other properties. As a so-called polyester fiber ball or fiber balls, polyester is used as a pillow filling.

Travel pillow

Travel pillows have been developed for everyone who no longer wants to do without their beloved pillow when traveling. Travel pillows are usually delivered with a practical bag and are cut a bit more handy than standard pillows. One of the most popular travel pillows at Kissen.de is the dormabell Cervical R travel pillow. However, the term is also often used synonymously for the so-called croissant pillow.

The hem serves to clean up the edge of the fabric. This prevents the fabric from fraying.

Side sleeper pillow

Side sleeper pillows are almost body-length, narrow-cut pillows. This type of pillow is ideal for side sleepers who like to cuddle up to a large pillow.



Viscoelasticity is given for materials that react to both pressure and heat and deform accordingly. The manufacturer TEMPUR has made the viscoelastic material popular in Germany as a filling material for mattresses and pillows. The company's developers succeeded in bringing the material to market, which originally came from space technology: The US aerospace agency NASA originally used it to absorb the strong pressure from the bodies of the astronauts that started up the missile worked.

Heat retention

So that the geese and ducks do not freeze even in winter temperatures, nature has given them a wonderful "dress". This is not only beautiful, but also very functional: the horn substance of the spring is a poor heat conductor compared to other materials. This means that the spring emits only a little heat or stores the heat. Filling feathers into a pillow has another very positive effect: the feathers lying on top of each other and wedging form thousands of air and hollow spaces, so-called air cushions. These insulating air cushions between the body and the outside bed temperature are the real secret of the even warmth in the feather pillow and feather bed.