Table tennis, also known as Ping Pong Table and whiff-whaff, is a sport in which two or four players hit a lightweight ball, also known as the ping-pong ball, back and forth across a table using small rackets. The game takes place on a hard table divided by a net. Except for the initial serve, the rules are generally as follows: players must allow a ball played toward them to bounce one time on their side of the table, and must return it so that it bounces on the opposite side at least once. A point is scored when a player fails to return the ball within the rules. Play is fast and demands quick reactions. Spinning the ball alters its trajectory and limits an opponent's options, giving the hitter a great advantage.
- A match is played best 3 of 5 games (or 4/7 or even 2/3 if there are time constraints).
- For each game, the first player to reach 11 points wins that game, however a game must be won by at least two points differential.
- A point is scored after each ball is put into play (NOT just when the server wins the point while serving, as in volleyball).
- If the receiver hits the ball or touches the ball before it hits their side of the table, they ONLY loose the point if ball is struck (intentionally or unintentionally) within the surface area of the table. If the outgoing ball is touched or struck outside the table surface area, the ball is called "OUT" and receiver wins the point.
- The edges of the table are part of the legal table surface, but not the sides.