Root Canal Treatment- All you need to know

Everyone wants a beautiful smile on their face. To have that beautiful smile on your face it is necessary to take care of your teeth. A root canal is a permanent solution to your dental problems.


There are several myths regarding this treatment method. Dr. Kartik who is one of the best dentist in Vashi explains everything that you should know about root canal treatment.


Root Canal Treatment-

Root canal which is also known as endodontic therapy is a process to remove the pulp from the hollow section of the tooth. As the image shows, the hollow section contains nerve tissues, blood cells & other cells. Bacterial infection or any other type of damage causes severe pain in the tooth. To treat such issues, the pulp is removed by the dentist. As the nerve tissues are removed, the person will never feel any pain after treatment. So, it is considered to be a permanent solution. 



Why Root Canal?

Well, the answer is quite simple. It is to eliminate the problem permanently. After the root canal, the tooth is dead. Nerves are not attached to it. So, you will not feel any pain in that tooth ever. After treatment, the tooth will only receive nourishment from ligaments. Above all, you will be able to use your natural tooth & need not to extract it.


Steps of Root Canal Treatment-

  1. Anesthesia- The doctor will use a jelly-like substance to numb the gums & then will inject the anesthesia into the gums.
  2. Pulp removal- The surgeon will make a small hole in the surface of the tooth & will use a small file to remove the damaged pulp.
  3. Antibiotics- He might prefer to use antibiotics to reduce the chances of further contamination.
  4. Filing- Then he will fill the tooth with a rubber-like substance & will use adhesive to seal the canal completely.
  5. Crown- After a root canal, the tooth becomes more fragile. To eliminate the chance of any mechanical damage, the doctor might suggest you to have a permanent crown.


Who Needs Root Canal?

  1. Persons with injured or damaged tooth pulp.
  2. Persons with tooth cavity or crack.
  3. Persons having any bacterial infection in the tooth.
  4. Persons with damaged tooth nerve or any other issue in the root.


Post-Treatment Precautions-

  1. Oral hygiene- Maintaining oral hygiene is the most important factor. It is the key to avoid all types of oral diseases. After a root canal maintaining oral hygiene is extremely necessary to avoid any infection & further complications.
  2. Medication- It is necessary to follow all the medications prescribed by your doctor to ensure faster recovery & to avoid any future problems.
  3. Avoid chewing- After root canal it is better if you can avoid chewing with that tooth at least for 2-3 days. Sugary drinks should be avoided for 2-3 days.
  4. Follow-up check- Sometimes a doctor might ask for follow-up treatment just to ensure that there are no further issues in that tooth. He might ask for an X-ray to check for any complications.
  5. Permanent crown- As the tooth becomes more fragile, the doctor might ask you to get a permanent crown.


Preventive Measures-

  1. Avoid sugary drinks & if consumed try to brush your teeth as soon as possible.
  2. Use toothpaste that contains fluoride.
  3. Change your toothbrush at regular intervals & use good quality toothbrush only.
  4. Brushing your teeth twice a day will help. Make sure to brush your teeth before going to sleep at night.
  5. Use dental floss to prevent plaque.
  6. Regular dental checkup & maintaining oral hygiene is the only solution.


Complications & Risks-

  1. Permanent removal- If the internal damage is higher, the doctor might suggest removing the tooth to avoid any complication.
  2. Developing abscess- Sometimes abscess might develop if oral health care guidelines are not followed properly.
  3. Recontamination- Sometimes if the infected pulp is not removed properly or any part remains inside, it might create further problems. In this case, you might have to extract the tooth to eliminate the issue. This issue is very rare & can only be seen in severe infections.
  4. Undetected crack- Sometimes your doctor might not notice small cracks or opening in the tooth. Bacterial infection is seen in such cases. In most cases, it can be observed in follow-up treatment where the doctor uses an X-ray to find out if there any further issue. 


Cost of Treatment-

Depending upon the type of tooth, the number of the tooth the price varies. It also depends upon the place of treatment. Considering all the factors the pricing starts from Rs. 1500 & might go up to Rs. 9000.


Myth Busters-

  1. Painful process- It is a method that is designed to remove the pain permanently. In this method, the damaged tissues which are the main reason for pain are removed. If we talk about the scenario of 20-30 years back, the process was painful. But with the continuous development of medical science, we now have anesthesia which is used during the process. The surgeon will numb the target area with the help of local anesthesia. So it is a painless process.
  2. Removal is better than canal- Everybody wants to have their natural teeth. So, it’s better to save the natural one rather than removing & then using dentures. Removing has other effects also. But the canal in most cases is a permanent solution.
  3. Causes illness- Root canal has no connection with any other illness. This myth was based on decades-old history when anesthesia was not there. At that time headache was one of the highest reported problems after canal treatment. But now no such problem is reported by any patient.
  4. Sensitive tooth- It is partially true. You will experience sensitivity but that will last for only a few days. After 1-2 weeks you will not feel any discomfort.
  5. Expensive- This is a myth. The root canal is more affordable compared to tooth removal.