All You Need to Know About Polycystic Ovary Syndrome
Being a female is not an easy task. Every step of the way, a woman's body is changing and one needs to cope up with those changes and know about them in advance in order to live a better life. Apart from these changes, women should also know about the various abnormalities they are exposed to and knowing about them at an early stage can save from massive damage and disappointment later on. One of these abnormalities includes the Polycystic Ovary Syndrome which is a health issue that is prevalent amongst older women and teenage girls as well. Hence, no age of onset has been determined for this particular abnormality. This particular abnormality has to do with the abnormal production of hormones in the body.
Females usually produce two hormones that determine their sexuality. These two hormones are progesterone and estrogen. Apart from these two hormones, the female body also produces androgens in a very small amount; a hormone which is found in large quantities in males. All of these hormones determine the menstrual cycle and hence the ovulation period and fertility of the female. However in this particular syndrome what happens is that the female body starts producing the hormone androgen in large quantities. This as a result interferes with the cell growth of the female which can cause ovulation problems and disturbances in menstrual cycle. Furthermore, cysts can start to build up in the ovaries which can cause further fertility problems.
In order to diagnose this syndrome, the most obvious signs and symptoms include production of androgen hormones found in male and disruptions and irregularities in the menstrual cycle. If not treated this syndrome can lead to fertility problems since egg growth becomes abnormal and the female doesn't have her periods for over three months. This also leads to irregular growth of hair on the skin, similar to males and skin acne may also erupt. Furthermore such women are also obese.
The treatment of this disease depends on a few factors. Treatment is determined on the fact whether you have diabetes, heart conditions and if want to become pregnant or not. You are required to pursue a healthy living and diet lifestyle and should avoid processed foods, if you want to maintain your weight. Furthermore, for women who do not want to conceive birth control pills are recommended to manage the menstrual cycles. Lastly for diabetic women, the medicine Metformin is prescribed that lowers the male hormone levels.